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Collaborative projects between NOLS and the University of Utah

Referred Journal Articles

  • Richmond, D., Sibthorp, J., Annarella, S., & Ferri, S. (2017). Complementing Classroom Learning through Outdoor Adventure Education: Out-of-School-Time Experiences that Make a Difference. Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning. 10.1080/14729679.2017.1324313. Full Text Available
  • Collins, R., Sibthorp, J., & Gookin, J. (2016). Developing ill-structured problem-solving skills through wilderness education. Journal of Experiential Education. DOI:10.1177/1053825916639611.  Full Text Available
  • Schumann, S. & Sibthorp, J. (2016). Improving the accuracy of outdoor educators teaching self-efficacy beliefs through metacognitive monitoring. Journal of Experiential Education. DOI: 10.1177/1053825916640540.  Full Text Available
  • Richmond, D., Sibthorp, J., Jostad, J., Pohja, M., & Gookin, J. (2016). Social dynamics in outdoor adventure groups: Factors determining peer status.  Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, and Leadership. 8(1). 41-56. DOI: 10.18666/JOREL-2016-V8-I1-7283.  Full Text Available
  • Jostad, J., Sibthorp, J., Pohja, M., & Gookin, J. (2015). The adolescent social group in outdoor adventure education: Making social connections that matter. Research in Outdoor Education. 13. 16-37.  Full Text Available
  • Sibthorp, J., Collins, R., Rathunde, K., Paisley, K., Schumann, S., Pohja, M., Gookin, J., & Baynes, S. (2015). Fostering experiential self-regulation through outdoor adventure education. Journal of Experiential Education, 38(1), 26-40. doi:10.1177/1053825913516735  Full Text Available
  • Schumann, S. & Sibthorp, J. (2014). The development and scaling of the Teaching Outdoor Education Self-Efficacy Scale. Journal of Research in Outdoor Education, 12, 80-98. doi:10.7768/1948-5123.1217  Full Text Available
  • Paisley, K., Jostad, J., Sibthorp, J., Pohja, M., Gookin, J., Rajagopal-Durbin, A. (2014). Considering students’ experiences in diverse groups: Case studies from NOLS. Journal of Leisure Research, 46(3), 329-341. Full Text Available
  • Schumann, S., Sibthorp, J. & Hacker, D. (2014). Illusion of competence: Increasing self-efficacy in outdoor leaders. Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, and Leadership, 6(2), 97-113. doi:10.7768/1948-5123.1174  Full Text Available
  • Furman, N. & Sibthorp, J. (2014). The development of prosocial behavior in adolescents: A mixed methods study from NOLS. Journal of Experiential Education, 37(2), 160-175. doi:10.1177/1053825913489105 Full Text Available
  • Jostad, J., Sibthorp, J., & Paisley, K. (2013). Understanding groups in outdoor adventure education through social network analysis. The Australian Journal of Outdoor Education, 17(1), 17-31. Full Text Available
  • Collins, R., Sibthorp, J., Gookin, J., & Schumann, S. (2012). The role and importance of program quality in outdoor adventure programs for youth: Examining program quality indicators as predictors of outcome achievement among NOLS participants. Research in Outdoor Education, 11, 28-46. Full Text Available
  • Waage, T. & Paisley, K. (2012). Understanding the contribution of wilderness based educational experiences to the creation of an environmental ethic in youth. Research in Outdoor Education, 11, 18-27.  Full Text Available
  • Schumann, S., Schimelpfenig, T., Sibthorp, J., & Collins, R. (2012). An examination of wilderness first aid knowledge, self-efficacy, and skill retention. Wilderness and Environmental Medicine Journal, 23, 281-287.  Full Text Available
  • Collins, R., Paisley, K., Sibthorp, J., & Gookin, J. (2012) “Black and White Thinkers” and “Colorful Problems”: Understanding student thinking in outdoor education. Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, and Leadership, 4(2), 11-25.  Full Text Available
  • Jostad, J., Paisley, K. & Gookin, J. (2012). Wilderness-based semester learning: Understanding the NOLS experience. Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, and Leadership, 4(1), 16-26.  Full Text Available
  • Sibthorp, J., Furman, N., Paisley, K., Gookin, J. & Schumann, S. (2011). Mechanisms of learning transfer in adventure education: Qualitative results from the NOLS transfer survey. Journal of Experiential Education, 34(2), 109-118.  Full Text Available
  • Shooter, W., Sibthorp, J., & Gookin, J. (2010). The importance of trust in outdoor education: Exploring the relation between trust in outdoor leaders and developmental outcomes. Research in Outdoor Education, 10, 48-56.  Full Text Available
  • Schumann, S., Paisley, K., Sibthorp, J., and Gookin, J. (2009) Instructor Influences on Student Learning at NOLS. Journal of Outdoor Recreation and Education Leadership, 1(1), 15-37. Full Text Available
  • Sibthorp, J., Paisley, K., Furman, N., & Gookin, J. (2008) Long-term impacts attributed to participation in adventure education: Preliminary findings from NOLS. Research in Outdoor Education, 9, 86-102.  Full Text Available
  • Paisley, K., Sibthorp, J., Gookin, J., Furman, N., Schumann, S., & McAvoy, L. (2008). Predictors of participant development though adventure education: Replication and extension of previous findings from NOLS. Research in Outdoor Education, 9, 60-74.  Full Text Available
  • Sibthorp, J., Paisley, K., Gookin, J., & Furman, N. (2008). The pedagogic value of student autonomy in adventure education. Journal of Experiential Education, 31(2), 136-151.  Full Text Available
  • Paisley, K., Furman, N., Sibthorp, J., & Gookin, J. (2008). Student learning in outdoor education: A case study from the National Outdoor Leadership School. Journal of Experiential Education, 30(3), 201-222.  Full Text Available
  • Sibthorp, J., Paisley, K., Gookin, J., & Ward, P. (2007). Addressing Response Shift Bias: Examining the use of retrospective pretests in recreation research and evaluation. Journal of Leisure Research, 39(2), 295-315.  Full Text Available
  • Sibthorp, J., Paisley, K., & Gookin, J. (2007). Exploring participant development through adventure-based recreation programming: A model from the National Outdoor Leadership School. Leisure Sciences, 29(1), 1-18.  Full Text Available

Abstracts, Presentations and Proceedings

Jostad, J., Sibthorp, J., Rochelle, S., & Gookin, J. (November, 2016). The dynamical nature of social connections for adolescents in outdoor recreation programs. Presented at the Association of Outdoor Recreation and Education Research Symposium. Minneapolis, MN.

  • Meerts-Brandsma, L., Furman, N., & Sibthorp, J. (November, 2016). Benchmarking Outdoor Expeditionary Program Risk Management Strategies. Presented at theAssociation of Outdoor Recreation and Education Research Symposium. Minneapolis, MN.
  • Sibthorp, J., Meerts-Brandsma, L., Rochelle, S., & Leemon, D. (October, 2016). State of the Field: Using Comparative Risk Management Data to Benchmark your Program. Presented at the Wilderness Risk Management Conference, Salt Lake City, UT.
  • Richmond, D., Sibthorp, J., Gookin, J., Rochelle, S., & Price, R. (March, 2016). Non-Cognitive Factors and Adolescents with Low Socioeconomic Status: Contributions of Outdoor Adventure Education Experiences. Presented at the Society for Research on Adolescence, Baltimore, MD.
  • Richmond, D., Sibthorp, J., Rochelle, S., Gookin, J., & Price, R. (January, 2016). Using Outdoor Adventure Education in College Pathway Programs: The Development and Retention of Non-Cognitive Factors. Presentation at the Coalition for Education in the Outdoors Biennial Research Symposium, Martinsville, IN. Book of Abstracts.
  • Jostad, J., Sibthorp, J., & Butner, J. (September, 2015). Using Dynamical Systems Theory in Outdoor Experiential Education. The Association of Experiential Education Symposium on Experiential Education Research. Portland, OR. Book of Abstracts.
  • Richmond, D., Sibthorp, J., Annarella, S., & Ferri, S. (September, 2015). Promoting Non-Cognitive Factors through School/Recreation Program Partnerships. The NRPA Research Sessions. Las Vegas, NV.
  • Jostad, J., Sibthorp, J., Pohja, M., & Gookin, J. (presentation, November, 2014). Testing a Social System Model of Outdoor Adventure Education. The Association of Experiential Education Symposium on Experiential Education Research. Chattanooga, TN.
  • Collins, R., Sibthorp, J., Pohja, M., & Gookin, J. (presentation, October, 2014). Effects of wilderness expedition experience on ill-structured problem-solving skills. The NRPA Leisure Research Symposium. Charlotte, NC.
  • Richmond, D. & Sibthorp, J. (February, 2014). Group Cohesion in Outdoor Adventure Education: Examining Demographics and Peer Selection Factors. Presentation at the Wilderness Education Association’s Outdoor Leadership Symposium, Salt Lake City, UT.
  • Jostad, J., Sibthorp, J., Pohja, M., & Gookin, J. (February, 2014). Student Perceptions of Group Cohesion and Satisfaction: The Effect of Time and Student Composition. Presentation at the Wilderness Education Association’s Outdoor Leadership Symposium, Salt Lake City, UT.
  • Richmond, D., Collins, R., Sibthorp, J., & Pohja, M. (January, 2014). Creativity and Divergent Thinking in Outdoor Adventure Education. Presentation at the Coalition for Education in the Outdoors Biennial Research Symposium, Martinsville, IN.
  • Jostad, J., Sibthorp, J., Pohja, M., & Gookin, J. (January, 2014). A Multilevel Model of the Influence of Leadership Consideration and Goal Conflict on Group Cohesion. Presentation at the Coalition for Education in the Outdoors Biennial Research Symposium, Martinsville, IN.
  • Schumann, S. & Sibthorp, J. (November, 2013). Improving the Accuracy of Emerging Outdoor Educator’s Teaching Self-Efficacy Beliefs through a Metacognitive Monitoring Intervention. Presentation at the AEE Symposium on Experiential Education Research, Denver, CO.
  • Paisley, K., Jostad, J., Sibthorp, J., Pohja, M., Gookin, J., Rajagopal-Durbin, Aparna. (October, 2013). Considering students’ experience in diverse groups: Case studies from NOLS. [Abstract]. NRPA Leisure Research Symposium Book of Abstracts.
  • Sibthorp, J., Collins, R., Gookin, J., & Pohja, M. (2013). Fostering Self-Directed Learning in College Aged Students through Wilderness Semesters [Abstract]. Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, and Leadership, 5(2), 165-168. doi:10.7768/1948-5123.1218
  • Jostad, J. (2013). Group identification and group homogeneity: A case study of NOLS courses [Abstract]. Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, and Leadership, 5(2), 128-130.
  • Jostad, J., Paisley, K., Sibthorp, J., & Gookin, J. (2013) The multi-dimensionality of group cohesion: A temporal examination of NOLS courses [Abstract]. Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, and Leadership, 5(2), 131-135. doi:10.7768/1948-5123.1211
  • Schumann, S., Schimelpfenig, T., Sibthorp, J., & Collins, R. (2013). An examination of wilderness first aid knowledge, self-efficacy, and skill retention [Abstract]. Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, and Leadership, 5(2), 155-160. doi:10.7768/1948-5123.1216
  • Schumann, S. & Sibthorp, J. (2013). the development and scaling of the teaching outdoor education self-efficacy scale [Abstract]. Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, and Leadership, 5(2), 161-164. doi:10.7768/1948-5123.1217
  • Sibthorp, J., Collins, R., Paisley, K., Rathunde, K., Schumann, S., Gookin, J., & Baynes, S. (2012). Developing lifelong learners: Enhancing dispositional enjoyment of learning through optimal engagement in adventure education programs. Abstracts from the Coalition for Education in the Outdoors Research Symposium (pp. 13-16). Martinsville, IN.
  • Gookin, J., Sibthorp, J., & Paisley, K. (2012). Measurement of challenge (stress) type and intensity in wilderness education students. Abstracts from the Coalition for Education in the Outdoors Research Symposium (pp. 16-18). Martinsville, IN.
  • Collins, R., Sibthorp, J., & Gookin, J. (2012). The importance of program quality in youth development: Program quality indicators as predictors of outcome achievement among NOLS participants. Abstracts from the Coalition for Education in the Outdoors Research Symposium (pp. 99-104). Martinsville, IN.
  • Waage, T. & Paisley, K. (2012). Understanding the contribution of wilderness based educational experiences to the creation of an environmental ethic in youth. Abstracts from the Coalition for Education in the Outdoors Research Symposium (pp. 80-82). Martinsville, IN.
  • Jostad, J., Paisley, K. & Gookin, J. (2011). Student learning on semester courses: Perspectives from NOLS [Abstract]. Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, and Leadership, 3(2), 94-96.
  • Morgan, C., Collins, R., & D'Eloia, M. (2011). Supporting self-regulated learning processes in adolescents: An examination of teaching methods used on outdoor adventure expeditions. Paper presented at the International Conference on Outdoor Leadership, Estes Park, CO.
  • Jostad, J., Paisley, K. & Gookin, J. (2011). Student learning on semester courses: Perspectives from NOLS. Paper presented at the International Conference on Outdoor Leadership, Estes Park, CO.
  • Jostad, J., Paisley, K., Sibthorp, J. & Gookin, J. Meeting the needs of your students with fun. (November, 2010). NOLS Staff Newsletter.
  • Furman, N. & Sibthorp, J. (2010, November). The Transfer of Expedition Behavior Skills from the National Outdoor Leadership School to Life Post-Course (abstract). The Association for Outdoor Recreation and Education research symposium. Keystone, CO.
  • Sibthorp, J., Schumann, S., Gookin, J., Paisley, K., & Rathunde, K., (November, 2010). Experiential Education and Lifelong Learning: Examining Optimal Engagement in College Students. The AEE Symposium on Experiential Education Research. Las Vegas, NV.
  • Collins, R., Paisley, K., Sibthorp, J., & Gookin, J., (November, 2010). Black and White Thinkers and Colorful Problems: Intellectual Differentiation in Experiential Education. The AEE Symposium on Experiential Education Research. Las Vegas, NV.
  • Furman, N. & Sibthorp, J. (2010, February) The Effects of a Treatment Curriculum on the Learning Transfer of Prosocial Behavior in Adventure Education [abstract]. Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, and Leadership, 2(2). 39-43.
  • Shooter, W., Sibthorp, J., & Gookin, J. (2010). The importance of trust in outdoor education: Exploring the relation between trust in outdoor leaders and developmental outcomes. Abstracts from the Coalition for Education in the Outdoors Research Symposium (pp. 46-48). Martinsville, IN.
  • Rose, J., Paisley, K., Sibthorp., J., Furman, N, & Gookin, J. (2009, October). Adventure education learning mechanisms across populations: Qualitative results from the National Outdoor Leadership School [abstract]. Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, and Leadership, 2(2). 68-72. Full Text Available
  • Schumann, S., Paisley, K., Sibthorp, J., and Gookin, J. (2009, February) A Typology of instructor influence on student learning (abstract). Wilderness Education Association (WEA) Outdoor Leadership Research Symposium. Bloomington, IN.
  • Furman, N., Sibthorp, J., Schumann, S., Paisley, K., & Gookin, J. (2008 –in press). Learning transferable lessons from adventure education: Qualitative results from a NOLS transfer survey (abstract). Conference Proceedings of the Association for Outdoor Recreation and Education Research Symposium. San Diego, CA.
  • Sibthorp, J., Paisley, K., Furman, N., & Gookin, J. (2008, January) Long-term impacts attributed to participation in wilderness education: Preliminary findings from NOLS (abstract). Abstracts from the Coalition for Education in the Outdoors Research Symposium, (pp. 115-117). Martinsville, IN.
  • Paisley, K., Sibthorp, J., Gookin, J., Furman, N., & Schumann, S. (2008, January). Predictors of participant development though adventure education: Replication and extension of previous findings from NOLS (abstract). Abstracts from the Coalition for Education in the Outdoors Research Symposium, (pp. 15-17). Martinsville, IN.
  • Sibthorp, J., Paisley, K., Gookin, J., & Furman, N. (2007). The pedagogic role of participant autonomy in adventure-based programming (abstract). NRPA Leisure Research Symposium. (pp. 254-257). Indianapolis, IN.
  • Furman, N., Paisley, K., & Sibthorp, J. (2006). Student learning on expedition-based outdoor education courses (abstract). In W. Taylor, G. Kay, T. Coates, G. Hanley, L. Morgan, & B. Wolfe (Eds.), Proceeding and Research Symposium Abstracts of the 20th Association of Outdoor Recreation and Education Conference. (pp. 142-144). Whitmore Lake, MI: Association of Outdoor Recreation and Education.
  • Sibthorp, J., Paisley, K., & Gookin, J. (2006). Predictors of Perceived Development on Courses from the National Outdoor Leadership School (abstract). Research in Outdoor Education, Volume 8. (pp. 165-167). Bradford Woods, IN.
  • Sibthorp, J., Paisley, K., Gookin, J., & Ward, P. (2005). Participant Development through Adventure-Based Recreation Programming: A Model from The National Outdoor Leadership School (abstract). 2005 NRPA Leisure Research Symposium. (p. 11). San Antonio, TX.
  • Sibthorp, J., Paisley, K., Gookin, J., & Ward, P. (2005). Response Shift Bias: Examining the Use of Retrospective Pretests in Recreation Research and Evaluation (abstract). 2005 NRPA Leisure Research Symposium. (p. 59). San Antonio, TX. Publications (not refereed)
  • Paisley, K., Furman, N., Sibthorp, J., Gookin, J. (2008). Student learning in outdoor education: A case study from the National Outdoor Leadership School. Horizon: Newsletter for the Association for Experiential Education, May, 2008.
  • Leemon, D., Schimelpfenig, T., & Sibthorp, J. (2007). NOLS Field Instructor Seniority Part One: Seniority vs. Incidents and Evacuations. The NOLS Staff Newsletter.
  • Szolosi, A., Sibthorp, J., Paisley, K., & Gookin, J. (2004). Examining Risk Management Strategies Employed in Outdoor Programs. Published at www.outdoored.com
  • Paisley, K., Sibthorp, J. & Szolosi, A. (2003). Building a risk management lexicon. The Outdoor Network 14(4). 1, 30-32. Full Text Available

National Outdoor Leadership School Website

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